As of 2012, only eight of these counties have active brothels, while the other four (Churchill County, Esmeralda County, Eureka County, and Pershing County) no longer do. License fees for brothels range from an annual 0,000 in Storey County to an annual 0,000 in Lander County.Licensed prostitutes must be at least 21 years old, except in Storey County and Lyon County (where the minimum age is 18).In another case, brothel owners in Lincoln County protested when the county outlawed prostitution in 1978, having issued licenses for seven years.
Officials in Las Vegas, afraid that Conforte would use the same technique to open a brothel nearby, convinced the legislature, in 1971, to pass a law prohibiting the legalization of prostitution in counties with a population above a certain threshold, tailored to apply only to Clark County.
In 1977, county officials in Nye County tried to shut down Walter Plankinton's Chicken Ranch as a public nuisance; brothels did not have to be licensed in that county at the time, and several others were operating.
Currently eight out of Nevada's 16 counties have active brothels (these are all rural counties). Prostitution is illegal under state law in Clark County (which contains Las Vegas), and under county or municipal law in Washoe County (which contains Reno), Carson City (an independent city), Douglas County, and Lincoln County.
The other 12 Nevada counties permit licensed brothels in certain specified areas or cities, All 12 of these rural counties have had at least one legal brothel in operation subsequent to 1971, but many of these brothels were financially unsuccessful or ran afoul of State health regulations.
The brothels and their employees must register with the county sheriff and receive regular medical checkups.