People date because it is "enjoyable, pleasant, and valuable" (Merrill 62), and they thought that they could gain rewarding experiences from it.
But because the lower classes were not so well-endowed so that they own pianos or even parlors, they started their own form of "courtship" which soon became known as dating.
This practice was soon picked up by the upper classes, and from there it progressed into the middle class, with which it is still inherently associated today (Bailey 17).
Since the turn of the century, there has been a greater freedom between men and women, for example, both attend the same schools with the same classes.
Both sexes become accustomed to the other at early ages which is very conducive to the practice of dating (Merrill 61).
Other key findings include: The survey was conducted by Teenage Research Unlimited (TRU) for Fifth & Pacific Companies, Inc.